Infant Mortality Rate or the number of death of infants (less than one year old) per 1000 live births is one of the crippling issues that the world faces especially the developing nations. The pathetic medical facilities, poor maternal health care, social mores, selective abortion etc. contribute to a bad health picture in the poor nations.
The following graphs try to decipher the Infant mortality trends in 5 nations namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, India and South Africa. The common denominator between these nations is that all of them are developing nations.
The graphs point out few interesting things like in a patriarchal country like Afghanistan, the Infant mortality rate is higher among males. The trend remains somewhat same in a span of two decades i.e. from 1985 to 2005. The war ravaged area has scored very low on the health front. The inaccessibility of medical clinics, untrained midwives, lesser awareness about safe pregnancy are some of the reasons that have made Afghanistan’s infant mortality rate one of the highest in the world.
Emerging super powers like China and India have improved their infant mortality rates, among males and females but it is interesting to note that poor neighbor Bangladesh has shown the maximum development.